Instructions for Authors

Guide for Authors - Contents list:

Short Overview

Manuscript Preparation:
Text Layout
Colour Costs and Queries
Electronic Annexes


Short Overview
Submission of papers:

Papers from all over the World: Please use the online submission system to submit to the journal..

Cover letter to the editor:
The manuscript must accompany a cover letter to the editor. The cover letter must state:
(1) That all the authors mutually agree that the MS should be submitted to IJESER.
(2) That the manuscript is original, unpublished, and has not been submitted elsewhere. Also, there shall not be submitted elsewhere unless IJESER declines to accept it.
(3) That the manuscript does not contain copyright material for which prior wirtten permission to reproduce has been taken from the copyright owner.

Submission language: English (Link to the Oxford English Dictionary)

English language help service: Upon request IJESER will direct authors to an agent who can check and improve the English of their paper (before submission). Please contact for further information.

Types of contributions:

  • original research papers
  • critical state-of-the-art review papers
  • case studies
  • short communications
  • book reviews

Corresponding author: Please clearly indicate who is responsible for correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, including post-publication. Please ensure that telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address. Full postal addresses must be given for all co-authors.

Pre-conditions: Submission of an article implies that a) the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an academic thesis); b) that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; c) that its publication is approved by all authors; and e) if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher.

It is within the editor's prerogative to return manuscripts that do not conform to the instructions for manuscript preparation, as well as papers that do not fit the scope of the journal, prior to refereeing.

Manuscript Preparation:

Authors must follow the instructions for MS prepreation very carefully. Editors reserve the right to adjust the style to certain standards of uniformity. Please use Word files for the text of your manuscript.
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Structure of the manuscript:
The manuscripts should contain, in this order:

  • Title
  • Authors
  • Affiliations
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Introduction
  • Materials and Methods
  • Results and Discussion
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Tables and Figures serially numbered and with appropriate captions. The table captions should be placed at the top of the table and the figure captions at the base of the figures.

The corresponding author should be identified with an asterisk and footnote. All other footnotes (except for table footnotes) should be avoided. Include acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article.
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Text Layout:
Use double spacing and wide (3 cm) margins on white paper. Avoid full justification, i.e., do not use a constant right-hand margin. Ensure that each new paragraph is clearly indicated. If possible, consult a recent issue of the journal to become familiar with layout and conventions. Number all pages consecutively, use 12 pt font size and standard fonts. Each figure and table must be put separately; one on each page.

Page length: Maximum length should be 2000, 5000, and 10000 words for Short Communication, Original article/case study and review paper, including the word-equivalent space for text, references, tables and figures.
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Each paper should be provided with an Abstract of about 100-150 words, reporting concisely on the purpose and results of the paper.
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Right next to the abstract, please provide a maximum of five keywords (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Avoid abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible.
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Abbreviations for units should follow the suggestions of the British Standards publication BS 1991. The full stop should not be included in abbreviations, e.g. m (not m.), ppm (not p.p.m.), '%' and '/' should be used in preference to 'per cent' and 'per'. Where abbreviations are likely to cause ambiguity or not be readily understood by an international readership, units should be put in full.

Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI). If, in certain instances, it is necessary to quote other units, these should be added in parentheses. Temperatures should be given in degrees Celsius. The unit 'billion' is ambiguous and must not be used.
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Authors should make clear any symbols (e.g. Greek characters, vectors, etc.) which may be confused with ordinary letters or characters. Duplicated use of symbols should be avoided. Symbols should be defined as they arise in the text and a separate Nomenclature should also be supplied.

All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of references following the text of the manuscript.

Text: All citations in the text should refer to:
1. Single author: the author's name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication;
2. Two authors: both authors' names and the year of publication;
3. Three or more authors: first author's name followed by 'et al.' in italics, and the year of publication.
Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). Groups of references should be listed first alphabetically, then chronologically.
Examples: "as demonstrated (Anil, 1996a, 1996b, 1999; Aamir and Arbaaz, 1995). Kapoor et al (2000) have recently shown ...."

List: References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters "a", "b", "c", etc., placed after the year of publication.
Reference to a journal publication:
Tom,A.,Dick,B.C., and Harry, D.E., 2009. The art of scientific research, Journal of Reporting. 163, 51-59.
Reference to a book:
Ram,P., Shyam,Q.T.,2009. A Good Book, fourth ed., Cogent, New Delhi; 330p.
Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
Obleix, A. and Aesterix, B., 2009. How to prepare a publishable paper, in: Brown,C.,Lucy , G. (Eds.), Introduction to the Reporting of R&D. Elsevier, New York, pp. 281-304.
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Colour Costs and Queries:
For colour illustrations, a colour printing fee is charged to the author per colour unit. Further information concerning colour illustrations and costs is available from Author Support at
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Tables should be numbered consecutively; 'Table' and its number should be in bold typeface followed by the caption. The caption should be in lower typeface except the first character which should be in capital letter. if any proper nouns occur in the caption they should have their first character in capital and given suitable captions and each table should begin on a new page. No vertical rules should be used. Tables should not duplicate results presented elsewhere in the manuscript (for example, in graphs). Table captions should be placed at the top of the table but footnotes to the tables, if any, should be typed below the table in italics and should be referred to by superscript lowercase letters.
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Please make sure that figure files are in an acceptable format (TIFF, EPS or MS Office files) and with the correct resolution. If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable color figures then we will ensure, at no additional charge, that these figures will appear in color on the Web regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in color in the printed version. All figures must be numbered sequentially and submitted one per page, with captions placed at the base of each table. The style of the caption should be similar to the one specified for tables above.
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State here the inferences drawn from the results, preferably in running text form, in maximum 100 words. No results should be given here.
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Electronic Annexes
We encourage you to submit electronic annexes, such as short videos, computer-enhanced images, audio clips and large databases. If you are submitting on hardcopy, please supply 3 disks/CD ROMs containing the electronic annex to the editor for review. In the text of your article you may wish to refer to the annex. This is not mandatory, however, if you do wish to refer to the annex in the text then please do so using this example: "see Electronic Annex 1 in the online version of this article." Production will insert the relevant URL at the typesetting stage after this statement.
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Authors will be notified of the acceptance of their paper by the Executive editor. The Publisher will also send a notification of receipt of the paper in production.
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All authors must sign the Transfer of Copyright agreement before the article can be published. This transfer agreement enables us to protect the copyrighted material for the authors, but does not relinquish the authors' proprietary rights. The copyright transfer covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints, photographic reproductions, microfilm or any other reproductions of similar nature and translations. Authors are responsible for obtaining from the copyright holder permission to reproduce any figures for which copyright exists.
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